The Victoria Memorial is a big monument made by white marble. It is located in the heart of the City Kolkata in West Bengal. The monument is one of the most famous in West Bengal, India that has become a museum and popular tourist spot of Kolkata. The monument epitomizing beauty and loveliness was dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria. The monument is a must visit tourist destination for first time travelers to experience the essence of Victorian era in the midst of the bustling metro city of Kolkata.
History of Victoria Memorial
Queen Victoria who reminds the Queen of the United Kingdom in Great Britain. Following her death, Lord Curzon supposed the idea of constructing a huge and eminent Palace with a museum and a garden where one and all can have a semblance of the rich past. The cornerstone of the monument was laid on January 4, 1906 by the Prince of stripe George V who later became King George V on May 6, 1910. In 1921, the memorial was opened for public. However it became part of a regional city in lieu of the capital city as by the time its working done. The capital of India was changed from Kolkata to New Delhi under the indication of King George V. An appeal formed by Curzon to treasury the construction of the memorial saw many together with royals, personals as well as the British government in London to approach advanced and contributes willingly. The total cost of the palace of memorial came to Rs. 105, 00,000.
Construction and architecture
William Emerson was the president of the Royal organization of British build and the chief builder of the memorial that designed in Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. The style surrounded a mix of British architectural manner with that of Egyptian, Venetian, Deccani, Mughal and other Islamic manners. Architect of Makrana marble brought from Rajasthan, Jodhpur, it measures 103meter by 69meter with a height of 56meter. Scottish physician and botanist David Prain and Lord Riversdale were placed to design the colossal garden areas covering 64 acres while the gates and the bridge of the north aspect were planned by Vincent J. Esch. Messrs. Nowadays the garden is maintained by a group of 21 horticulturists. Martin & Co. of Kolkata paddled out the construction work of the memorial. Particular additions were made to the memorial post freedom of India.
Attractions of Victoria memorial
There are 25 galleries inside the memorial add the royal gallery, the statue gallery and the Kolkata gallery among others. Various depiction of Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and oil depiction portraying several moments of their lives are presented in the royal gallery. The new addition was the Kolkata gallery, opinion of which was advocated in the mid 1970s by the then minister for education, Sayed Nurul Hassan. He became Governor of Bengal and Odisha was a Chairman of the memorial’s Board of Trustees in 1986 and in 1992 the Kolkata gallery was opened.
Visitors of Victoria Memorial
End of the years the Victoria memorial has not only flowed as one of the most famous tourist destinations of Kolkata but has also remained a favorite spot for family and friends apart from staying a particular place for lovebirds. As night falls, lighting of the Victoria Memorial creates it look even more hypnotize.